Mesothelioma is an aggressive malignancy that attacks the protective tissue lining of our internal organs. It is also considered a rare form of cancer as there are less than 10,000 cases per year. To be closer to the actual number, there are roughly 2,000 cases of mesothelioma diagnoses per year in the United States alone. The United Kingdom and Canada are currently the leaders of mesothelioma diagnoses, standing around 2,700 cases per year. There are two common types of mesothelioma and two rare types.
- Pleural - affects the lining of the lungs and it is the most common, 75% of all diagnoses
- Peritoneal - affects the lining of the abdomen and it is roughly 20-25 % of all diagnoses
- Pericardial - affects the lining of the heart and it is less than 5% of all diagnoses
- Testicular - affects the lining of the testicles and it is the least common, less than 1% of all diagnoses
What Causes Mesothelioma?Doctors and researchers have linked the cause of mesothelioma to a natural mineral known as asbestos. As mentioned earlier, mesothelioma is a form of cancer that attacks the tissue lining of our internal organs, this tissue lining is known as the “mesothelium” to which, mesothelioma got it’s name. Since nearly every case of mesothelioma has been linked to asbestos exposure, many doctors and researchers have attributed mesothelioma to tiny asbestos fibers getting lodged into the mesothelium, disrupting natural cell growth, and causing mesothelioma.